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Prospective Research to Investigate the Socio-economic Sketch of Coal Mine Territory: An Integrated Scrutiny


Subhajit Bandopadhyay, Dr. Krishnendu Gupta


Coal is the primary fossil fuel in India which is a vital source of energy in current as well as from the past decades. Coal mining in India first started in Raniganj in the year of 1774. The principal aim of research is to investigate the socio-economic reality of Raniganj coal mine belt. It was observed during the time of study that features of a mining society region is always somehow different with the conditions of normal society. Mining has a large impact on human society as well as to the daily lives. This research is entirely based on the intensive field investigation, literature review and little bit of data analysis. Extensive mining activities in Raniganj & Asansol blocks of Burdwan district, West Bengal, have changed the overall socio-economic condition & land use pattern of the area. In this paper the socio-economic status basically covered with more or less all aspects of social life in integrated society such as like, family and occupation structure, education, demographic profile etc. On the other hand it deals with the mining impact with the environment and how it is make a serious punch on human health. Due to intensive mining and its impact on the environment people are mainly infected with nerves system problems, cardiovascular problems and respiratory diseases in this area. This research also try to capture the changing pattern of the socio-economic practices over few decades. It is a matter of hope that Government has thought out some effective schemes for the development of the livelihood of the local people and besides that some NGOs have also come forward to stand beside these people. It’s our duty to save coal with decreasing consumption in our daily life as well as government should take care of the people and society in this areas like Raniganj, those who are intensively join with this mining activity. Coal mining; Raniganj; Socio-economic status; West-Bengal; Environmental Degradation


Coal mining, Raniganj, Socio-economic status, West-Bengal, Environmental Degradation


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Prospective Research to Investigate the Socio-economic Sketch of Coal Mine Territory: An Integrated Scrutiny. Subhajit Bandopadhyay, Dr. Krishnendu Gupta. 2015. IJIRCT, Volume 1, Issue 2. Pages 165-172.

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