Language Learning Strategies Used By Successful English As Second Language (ESL) Learners Among Primary School Students
Abstract—Studies have disclosed that a greater awareness of strategy use among students exert higher influence on learners’ language proficiency. Since the result of English in the recent assessment for level two pupils was not promising, so, the purpose of this study is to identify the language learning strategies employed by successful language learners, in class and out of the class settings. Data for the study was collected using a survey questionnaire with 10 notable level 2 ESL learners in Sekolah Kebangsaan Bebuloh, Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan and 10 outstanding learners who were the former students of the school. The instrument used in this study was based on the Strategy Questionnaire Model developed by Mohamed Amin Embi (2000) which consists of 30 statements concerning the use of language learning strategies in class and out of class settings. Data was analysed using descriptive and inferential analysis. The findings revealed that the successful language learners used to answer questions, have the courage to speak English and favoured learning English through songs. It also revealed that the learners used more in class strategies compared to out of class strategies. This study also discusses the implications for school administrators, educators and parents in assisting the children on how to use language learning strategies effectively that could enhance their proficiency in English.
Language learning strategies, successful language learners, in class learning strategies, out of class learning strategies